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tv   Beyond 100 Days  BBC News  May 15, 2019 7:00pm-8:01pm BST

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ta ke you are watching beyond 100 days. ta ke alabama passes one of the strictest abortion laws in the united states. it bans abortions even in the cases of rape and incest — and doctors who perform abortions could go to prison for 99 years. the bill is the latest in a string of us laws limiting abortion rights — if this one goes all the way to the supreme court, could america ban abortion outright? britain's brexit secretary warns the prime minster‘s deal with the eu will be "dead" if they don't back it next month. also on the programme:
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the us pulls its non—emergency staff from iraq — warning there is a credible threat from iran. and nature's version of the world wide web — the hidden network beneath our feet that enables trees to feed and protect each other. hello and welcome — i'm katty kay in washington, christian fraser is in london. in 21 countries around the world it is illegal for women to get an abortion. the question today is whether america is moving tojoin them and make it 22. late last night, alabama passed the country's most restrictive abortion law — making abortion illegal in all cases, including rape and incest. anyone who performs an abortion could get 99 years in prison. the only exception is if the mother's health is at risk. it is the latest in a string of conservative legal challenges to roe v wade, the 1973 supreme court ruling that
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made abortion legal in america. aleem maqbool has this report from alabama. my body, my choice! it was a last—ditch attempt to stop the passing of the most restrictive abortion law anywhere in the us. so the discussion, the question for me, for all of us is when is a person a person? alabama republicans argued that abortion should be banned at all stages of pregnancy, even in cases of rape or incest. you can't deny any longer the assault on women's bodily autonomy. jenna king—shepherd had an abortion in alabama at the age of 17. she is alarmed that the new bill itself likens abortion to the holocaust. this is nothing like the holocaust. the thing that i want voters to understand and that
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i want our legislators to understand is that you cannot give rights to a foetus that doesn't have viability outside the womb without stripping the rights of the woman. but the architects of the bill have ambitions far beyond ala bama's state boundaries. we hope the bill will go through the courts and be reviewed by the us supreme court to test the basis of the roe versus wade decision that unborn children are not persons within the meaning of the us constitution. so the idea is that the way you want things to go, abortion will in effect be banned across the united states? yes, that's correct. abortion would be banned. but first the bill had to pass in this statehouse. we heard details of how the new law would mean a doctor who carried out an abortion would face a jail term of up to 99 years. and then the vote happened. 25 ayes, six nays, one abstention.
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house bill 314 passes. well, the debate went late into the night but the predicted result happened. that the most restrictive ban on abortion in any state has passed. but the question is could that really now kick—start moves aimed at making abortion illegal right across this country? aleem maqbool, bbc news, in montgomery, alabama. alabama is just one of an increasing number of states across america seeking to impose new restrictions on access to abortions. since the beginning of this year, 16 other states have filed or enacted bills to ban abortions after the sixth week of pregnancy — a time when many women might not even know they are pregnant. the governors of four states — georgia, kentucky, mississippi and ohio — have all signed their bills. alabama is the strictest yet, if the governor signs the bill it will become the law six months from now, though it's certain earlier, i got the reaction from cecile richards —
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she is a pro—choice activist and she is the former president of planned parenthood. to what extent did what happened in alabama last night portend a shift in america towards a county where abortion is banned? i think the vote in alabama last night was obviouslyjust part of a series of votes we have seen in state legislatures this year, and i think the danger in why women and families are so concerned about what happened is that we now have a supreme court werejudge kavanaugh has been confirmed, donald trump had said he would only appointjudges who would overturn roe v wade, so i think people around the country are really alarmed. so americans who are opposed to abortion feel this is there moment, they feel newly galvanised? i think that's right because they have a president who has said he wants to make abortion impossible for women to get. the irony of this is that we are at the lowest rate of abortion since the roe decision because we have done such a good job, prioradministrations, of getting birth control and health care access for women.
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but this to me is absolutely a direct attack, taking away a right that women have had for more than a0 years in america, and i think roe is absolutely at risk. but polls consistently show that a majority of americans do not want to overturn roe vs wade, public opinion isn't in the same place as the alabama law? no, that's absolutely correct. in fact, support for roe and access to safe and legal abortion is the highest it has ever been since that decision. but, as you have probably noticed, the law passed last night with the senate where they rejected even efforts to amend it to protect women in cases of rape, that was summarily put aside, it was all white men in the state senate in alabama that passed this bill, that approved this bill. and so i think the lack of representation of women is a serious problem, and alabama and state legislatures
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across the country were beginning to redress that a bit in congress, but still, we fall far behind the rest of the world. so we know that there are people in the united states who vote solely on the issue of abortion and trying to ban it, are you seeing, as part of a women's movement in the country, people who will vote solely on the issue of protecting a woman's right to choose. absolutely. in fact, that has been the case for many years. an overwhelming majority of americans support access to safe and legal abortion. but it is not their single voting issue? it is for a lot of people, and in fact, it's been interesting, it's trending more that way. particularly now because it's actually at risk. in many ways, people who have believed in this right and supported it felt like it was protected, it didn't have to be a voting issue. now, i think, because of the words of donald trump, the actions of donald trump, the confirmation of kavanaugh to the supreme court, actions by the state legislatures, people are much more focused on the fact that this is actually truly at risk, maybe for the first time in our lifetime.
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i think we will see, as we saw record numbers of women voting in the last election, 54% of the voters were women. i think we are going to see in 2020, it's going to be a watershed election. i think women, again, are going to turn out in record numbers. supporters of the ban in alabama hope the bill is challenged and appealed all the way to the us supreme court, where the constitutional right to have an abortion could be overturned. there are challenges to laws passed in other states, two are already before the court. here is what donald trump had to say on the issue in 2016, in one of the televised presidential debates. i am pro—life and i will be appointing pro—life judges. i would think that would go back to the individual states. do you want to see the courts overturn roe vs wade? well, if we put another two or three justices on, that will happen and it'll happen automatically. true to his word, president trump has made two appointments to the court — neil gorsuch and brett kavanaugh — which now tips the balance
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in favour of conservatives. joining me now is the former assistant us attorney, kim wehle. if the alabama bill ends up in the supreme court of the united states, does america move towards banning abortions? as the president actually rationed, it would be a state— by—state issue so rationed, it would be a state—by—state issue so it will go back to the legislatures of each state. what could happen, if the court take that case is likely to happen, would be like the constitutional right to an abortion would go away so the constitution would go away so the constitution would not protect against bans on abortion. it does not mean that abortions would be bad itjust means that state— by—state, abortion abortions would be bad itjust means that state—by—state, abortion could be banned and the constitution that would not stop them. what would that mean in practice? if you are a bird
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up mean in practice? if you are a bird up within living in a conservative state where the state decides to ban abortions, you would have to travel toa abortions, you would have to travel to a wealthier and more democratic state in order to get it? you would have to travel to a state that authorised your abortion, sure. that means people... than a low income people, people of colour, people who don't have that extra cash, the availability to leave work and go to availability to leave work and go to a place in the us where abortion is legal. experts say, it would have a disproportionate impact on those classes of women, low income and women of colour. those in favour of prout life, presumably, they are looking at brett kavanaugh and neil gore such, to people who have expressed anti—abortion views in the past. when both into the senate, as
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far as they were concerned, roe vs wade was powerful and set in. why would you go back on their word? the alabama law, any lower cult coat would have to strike that down. it essentially bans all abortions, abortions is predicted unless there isa abortions is predicted unless there is a limitation. a total ban is not due burden. for the is a limitation. a total ban is not due burden. forthe court is a limitation. a total ban is not due burden. for the court to take that case, an appeal from a lower court striking down the alabama law, it would have to think, we might wa nt it would have to think, we might want to change without that is about right to an abortion, period. a conservative majority 5—4, supreme court, struck down another prior case in on a 180 degrees turn, disagreeing with what its colleagues 40 years ago said. so there is no constitutional requirement that the
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supreme court adheres to. some people think they should leave it be unless it is obviously wrong and nine justices agreed that way but we are ina nine justices agreed that way but we are in a world where the majority of the supreme court does not have a majority of president, and i think roe vs wade would fall into that. the chiefjustice roe vs wade would fall into that. the chief justice had roe vs wade would fall into that. the chiefjustice had made an effort to make this court more consensual, overturning roe vs wade it would be a very dramatic thing, it would be a thing that the court —— the roberts court would be known for, does he wa nt court would be known for, does he want that? he was in no majority at this week. he is not a hearing to presidents for president sake. we have to respect our prior courts. you could be the deciding vote with kennedy gone, we willjust have to see where that land. legally, it is arguably on shaky ground in terms of the right itself. so the court could go either way. thank you forjoining
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us. go either way. thank you forjoining us. were, thank this does not mean that abortion would be totally banned in the us but it would become more limited. more democratic states, california, new york states would be the states that would allow abortion and you would have to tell to the states to get one. so not a total reverse but a slow stomach it seems to me this has the potential to inflame political divisions across america. but where is the public? where does this sit in the country, is it a vote winner for donald trump? there has been some indication that some sections of the country has made a little bit more through life, —— pro—life. but when you look at peoples attitudes, it a bad split. it is not a big
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difference between those two groups. here is that the real difference, when it comes to overturning roe vs wade, a clear majority of americans, 5796, wade, a clear majority of americans, 57%, think that roe vs wade should stand. this has some political pedal for president trump because while he likes the idea of pleasing his conservative base, particularly christian conservative base, who wa nts to ba n christian conservative base, who wants to ban abortion, upsetting 57% of the population could have political risks for him to. that is one that will run and run. here is another one. brexit. theresa may's government has set a date for another brexit vote in parliament — week commencing thejune 3rd — which should be quite busy. that's the week we have donald trump in town — it is also the week of the keenly fought peterborough by—election. katty kay will also be here — probably more focused on trump than peterborough. just a little.
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it is not quite the same as a fourth vote on theresa may's deal. instead, this will be a vote on the brexit withdrawal bill, the legislation that would give effect to that international treaty in uk law. for instance, it would give ministers the power to make divorce payments to the eu; as part of the financial settlement. there might be reference to the irish backstop — which will keep the uk in a customs union in the absence of a solution to the irish border question. there would likely be parts relating to the continued role of eu institutions and laws in the uk. and if the government can't pass the bill? then the default legal position is for the uk to leave the eu without a deal on october 31st. a short while ago, we spoke to catherine barnard, law professor at cambridge university. why has theresa may decided to put forward as bill rather than in the doubt? do you rememberjohn burkle, the speaker, he was very reluctant to set you could have a further shot ata to set you could have a further shot at a meaningful doubt and exactly what had been refused and what is
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110w what had been refused and what is now three previous occasions. the second reason is that there was as have to be the withdrawal and implementation bill. under international low, we are a julies legal system, meaning any international agreement likely withdrawal agreement, that has got to be incorporated into uk law and it has to be done by an act of parliament. even if the main thing that had gone theresa may's way there would have to be this agreement as well which has been drafted for many months, it hasjust been sitting there, waiting to go as and when theresa may wants it. so they got around the technicality of how to reintroduce this, not as a meaningful bout, but they haven't got round the politics of this was that the chances of this passing still look very slim. it is really slim andl still look very slim. it is really slim and i think it will be even more slim when the waib is published
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because no one has seen a new text of it. if you recall theresa may's deal, it has three elements to it. 0ne deal, it has three elements to it. one is about citizens' rights, largely uncontroversial. two, it's about dealing with the backstop which is a hugely controversial. three, and the money. when people see it in black—and—white but we are signing up to and becoming part of uk law, that will become deeply controversial with politicians who really don't like the smell of theresa may's deal. even if you get it through and pass on the second reading, the first hurdle of a bill's progress through parliament, there are going to be all manner of amendments attached to it. is that there is a concern that those amendments might actually undermine the pretty like theresa may has agreed? absolutely, this is a real risk because the eu has said it is out risk because the eu has said it is our deal or no—deal? they will not countenance any amendments to the withdrawal agreement. there are things heading in there which brexiteers won't lie, we have
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worried about the money and backstop and citizens' rights. also, the withdrawal agreement serve will have supremacy withdrawal agreement serve will have supremacy over withdrawal agreement serve will have supremacy over uk law, lots of the brexiteers won't like that. furthermore, in respect of dispute settlements, there are disputes arising under the withdrawal agreement in the case of any dispute which cannot be resolved through arbitration and that is an issue involving eu law, that famous european court of justice involving eu law, that famous european court ofjustice will have a say. to think we are on at the beginning. thank you forjoining us. we will have to decide onjennifer weatherby go to the palace with donald trump or go to the green. weatherby go to the palace with donald trump or go to the greenlj think you go to the green and i'll go to the palace. i think we need a quiz brexit and acronyms and see how many of them our reviews actually understand. waib has just many of them our reviews actually understand. waib hasjust been added that list. america is ramping up contingency planning in the middle east —
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today the us state department pulled all "non—emergency" staff from its embassy in iraq. the suggestion from the us is that it has actionable intelligence suggesting iran is planning to attack us personnel in the region. but here's what's odd — america's closest military partner is basically saying the intelligence doesn't exist. here's british general, christopher ghika, who is the deputy commander of the global coalition against the islamic state group, speaking to pentagon reporters yesterday. there's been no increased threat from iranian—backed forces in iraq and syria. we are aware of their presence, clearly. we monitor them, along with a whole range of others, because that is the environment we are in. but in the last few hours speaking in washington, senator mitt romney has said there is credible intelligence, so contradicting the british general. there is intelligence that indicates that iran may be considering some kind of malevolent activity, relative to our interest and our people in the region. and the administration is showing that we have
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the capacity to deter that. jane harman is a former co—chair of the house intelligence committee and now president of the woodrow wilson centre. due to have you with us. i read the european papers today on this issue and there is some consternation, they look atjohn bolton, the nsa advisor. they remember that to the iraq campaign and some of the concerns he issued about saddam hussein had weapons of mass destruction and they see a similar pattern here. jane, cannot you hear me? yes i can. i'm sorry, i thought you were
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playing salvaged up. my apologies. that was a christian question without a question. it was a statement of fact really, people have concerns about john statement of fact really, people have concerns aboutjohn boutin? yes, i have concerns. i saw the iraq may be up close and personal, i voted to go to war in iraq based on what turned out to be a flawed, wrong national intelligence estimate. since then, we have reformed the way we do intelligence estimates in this country and our nie is art much better. where is that in this case? ijust heard you reply mitt romney, i don't think he isa memberof reply mitt romney, i don't think he is a member of the senate intelligence committee. i'm sure he'sa very intelligence committee. i'm sure he's a very smart member of the senate but it takes a lot to understand these things. i heard
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your general, saying he doesn't know where the intelligence is. always seem to have a statement from central command, which is in the region, and we have everything of some europeans by pompeo who i don't think me to the service up my point is, yes, iran is dangerous. should we re m ove is, yes, iran is dangerous. should we remove nonessential personnel from harms way? of course we should. however, we have been in the longest wars in america's history because we didn't get this right and i cannot imagine we want to go back to that. most people in congress, even those who did not support the iran deal, we nt who did not support the iran deal, went against the action of the tom administration to pull out of the deal. at least the deal was containing iran's nuclear capacity for at least a decade. it was not containing as malign behaviour but certainly the action that we took has not contained it either. my view would be to be very cautious, worry
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about a miscalculation on either side, i'm not sure the case is made although we are already doing it for sending more b—525 any new aircraft carrier to the region. what is going on here? they present this week the nine report in the new york times that the pentagon has been asked to draw plans up to send 120,000 us personnel and then saying, if there isa personnel and then saying, if there is a vet, i would actually send double that. kind of benign but not denying the reports. is there a riskier of some european allies fear that president trump with a hawkish national security advisor could get out was some kind of conflict, the precipice of some kind of conflict, without realising he was actually getting there? i think we are already getting pulled in that direction, the contingency plan for 120,000 troops is what the pentagon does. it does a contingency planning, so that doesn't scare me. sending assets to the region which we have already done against a thread which i don't think as yet
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proved does beginning to worry me. i also worry that we need our allies in the fight, we had them with us in afghanistan, we did not have them with us in iraq. the iraq intelligence, as we know, was wrong. i see this as worrisome. another piece of the puzzle is that there is whaler where we have called for regime change, which is obviously not happening. —— venezuela. no actions have been taken to turnaround the current result which is nicolas maduro in the power. numbertwo, is nicolas maduro in the power. number two, north korea, is nicolas maduro in the power. numbertwo, north korea, we is nicolas maduro in the power. number two, north korea, we say we wa nt number two, north korea, we say we want to restart talks but allows kim jong un watching what is going on in iran and venezuela, i was say to myself, i need my nukes, they are my insurance policy against the us administration that can change on a dime and call for may be deemed to
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be gone. thank you forjoining us. i suspect we'll have more on this over the next few days. from today — americans who find themselves in difficulty in austria have been advised that they can seek assistance at a branch of the fast—food chain, mcdonald's. yes, you heard that right. ronald mcdonald is now handing out free travel and consular advice. if you are the "nugget" who has lost your passport in vienna, then from now on, as an american citizen you will be able get free help at the counter. also on sundaes. it was the idea of the us ambassador to austria who signed an agreement with mcdonalds last week. the company has clarified all 194 branches of mcdonalds in austria will continue to be austrian territory. i have so many more, do you want them? now, i have so many more, do you want them ? now, please, i have so many more, do you want them? now, please, don't. this is
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beyond 100 days from the bbc. coming up for viewers on the bbc news channel and bbc world news: we'll be live in alabama getting the latest reaction to the decision to ban abortions. and new zealand get the world's technology giants to sign hello. we sought the warmest day of our year so far. aided and abetted by the blue skies overhead and barely a breath of wind. things will change over the few days, high pressure with us. that process begins tonight and into thursday, the son of frank will introduce a more south easterly breeze. 49, not much in the way of
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wind around, there could be more cloud across southern and western scotland. isolated chances of showers. some low—carb drifting toward 0rkney. temperature is not quite as low as recent lines, but still a fresh start to tomorrow morning, mid single fingers. a bit more cloud west of scotland, one or two isolated showers. some low cloud in shetland. but later in the day after that signage that, southern england, a bit more cloud developing. the breeze may be not a strong circuit in the sunshine, it will probably feel very pleasant. across the board, still a very pleasa nt across the board, still a very pleasant in the sunshine which will still be there for many of you. to the end of the week, low pressure developing across the mediterranean and iberia, high pressured nudging a bit more, a more easily when developing across the uk knocking back temperatures. a lot more cloud through england and wales, a few showers pushing their way westward as well. scotland and ireland spent
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largely dry with sunny spells and temperatures could reach the upper teens across western parts of scotla nd teens across western parts of scotland by friday afternoon, even close to 20 celsius in a few spots. as we go into the weekend, the cloudy story will continue but still some sunny cloudy story will continue but still some sunny spells. cloud will bring the odd shower here and there, winds later in the south. could be warmer for something it has been in the week. one or two showers in england and wales, substantial cooler in northern ireland and what we have seen northern ireland and what we have seenin northern ireland and what we have seen in the week, a lot more cloud around. barely a breath of wind on a sunday so if you do get caught by a shower, it could stick with you for some time. sunshine will warm things up, especially in the south.
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this is beyond 100 days, with me katty kay in washington, christian fraser is in london. our top stories: the us state of alabama passes a bill that outlaws nearly all abortions, including in cases of rape and incest. the british prime minister is urging mps to back her deal with the eu — insisting it's the only way to deliver brexit. coming up in the next half hour: world leaders and internet giants have signed a call to action after march's attacks in christchurch, to try to stop social media sites being used to promote extremism. and the high school prom
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dress that one indiana teenager's date surprised her with — made from scratch — when she couldn't afford the original. it would become the most restrictive abortion law in the country — yesterday, alabama passed a bill to outlaw the procedure in almost all cases. the state senate approved the bill by 25 votes to six, rejecting exemptions for cases of rape or incest. all of those who voted for the bill were men. it's evoked strong opinions across the country — welcomed by pro—life campaigners in the state, including chairwoman of the alabama republican party terry lathan — she tweeted about setting up a challenge to roe v wade in the supreme court. "bring it, we are a republic." if other states "choose" abortion, they have that opportunity, as bad as it is. "but if other states like alabama want to end it then it's
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a state's rights issue." but the vote has been widely condemed by the 2020 democratic challengers, including kamala harris who tweeted. .. republican lawmakers in states like louisiana, alabama, and missouri are actively working to eliminate women's access to safe, legal abortion. it's a direct effort to criminalize women for their health care decisions. this is unacceptable. let's get more from aleem maqbool who is in montgomery, alabama for us. you have been covering events over the last 24—hour is. it now goes to the last 24—hour is. it now goes to the governor who is a woman, but we would expect, she is republican, we would expect, she is republican, we would expect, she is republican, we would expect it to pass. yes, she is a republican, she has talked about her support for this kind of thing in the past. she has been noncommittal in her comments today, says she just looked through it thoroughly when it will reach her desk. it would really fly in the face of the feelings of her party,
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and actually a lot of her electorate in alabama, just last november nearly 60% of them passed amendment to which was calling for rights for the unborn child and also for no state funds to go to abortion care, so state funds to go to abortion care, so it would be surprising if she did not pass it. that does not mean it becomes law straightaway. there is a six—month period. a lot of the patella should take —— politicians are happy that the bill has passed, some of the republicans this morning told us that they like and abortion told us that they like and abortion to murder, which is why they wanted this bill to pass. they also are happy about the period because they wa nt happy about the period because they want challenge, i don't know you have been talking about that, they wa nt have been talking about that, they want it to be challenged and go to the highest court in the land supreme court because they feel that now it has led to the right it has become more conservative, they have a chance of doing something much
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more far—reaching across this country in terms of overturning abortion rights much further afield. for many conservatives, particularly on the religious right, this is precisely why they voted for donald trump. they hoped that he would put in positionjudges who trump. they hoped that he would put in position judges who were then help them enact laws like this to overturn abortion rights in the country. yes, there is no question about that, i remember speaking in the lead up to the 2016 election, to a lot of evangel eccles, there are a lot of questions, i said, but the moral character of donald trump, a video tape has just come moral character of donald trump, a video tape hasjust come out, all kinds of issues with infidelity. they said none of that matters, if he put right leaning conservative judges on the court and something to fight abortion, to overturn a rover you wade we are more than happy with
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him,| you wade we are more than happy with him, ido you wade we are more than happy with him, i do result like this, if it does have wider implications, it will be good for him in the next election in terms of that constituency. — — election in terms of that constituency. —— rover you election in terms of that constituency. —— roveryou weighed. not everyone is happy here. we went to the last abortion clinic in this city, many have closed down in re ce nt city, many have closed down in recent times, it is a conservative state, lots of pressure on abortion clinics, and they have been deluged with calls from women who are now panicking about what they do. the alabama abortion bill may have passed in the state senate in just the last 24 hours, but for pro—life campaigners the battle to this moment has been decades in the making. at the centre of that fight is ericjohnston who is the founder of the alabama pro—life coalition, who drafted the bill that was voted on yesterday. he's in birmingham, alabama now. thank you for sparing some time.
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before whether there were abortion laws, women had to go to backstreet clinics, make use of coat hangers, drink turpentine. is that the sort of thing you want to go back to n alabama ? those are of thing you want to go back to n alabama? those are the choices that poor women will take. certainly not. it was not as widespread in those days as you are suggesting. the bill will provide for no abortions, the thing that will keep it from happening back alley abortions is that it will be a class a felony which is ten years to 99 years in prison. previously it was a misdemeanour which meant you would pay a $200 fine to go back to work. either this bill the penalty would be the deterrent. at the same time the burden will fall on the state, i deadly nonprofit organisation to provide health care and support for who have pregnancies that are a
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problem of some nature. this bill will disproportionately affect women, poor women, i disproportionately affect poor non—white women, but the bill was passed last night with the signatures of 25 white men. do you have any qualms about that?” disagree with your statement that it disproportionally affects poor women and women of colour. there is a genocide of abortion in this colour, the statistics do not support your statement. the fact that there were mainly men... it disproportionally affects them because wealthier women will be able to leave alabama and travel to states where they can get abortions. that may or may not be true. the purpose of this bill is the idea that the unborn child is not a problem, if the supreme court rules that as a person, then across the country they will not be abortions. it will be roe v wade in
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reverse. a person is protected as a person in the us constitution. you have no concerns that this bar —— bill was passed by white men? have no concerns that this bar —— bill was passed by white memm does not matter who passed it, the basis of the bill is correct. there are many women who support this bill. the fact that the senators are made up of men does not mean that those men are in anyway incorrect in the way they voted. their size and the way they voted. their size and the law is on their side. you will be aware that journalists the law is on their side. you will be aware thatjournalists are now digging up cases, there is one in 0hio, digging up cases, there is one in ohio, with a similar law, of an 11—year—old girl who was raped by an older man, 26 years old, she fell pregnant and was able to have an abortion. in your bill, you urge pa rents to abortion. in your bill, you urge parents to seek physical and mental help for their children. what do you envisage that kind of help would look like for a child like that? that is an circumstance. they are
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very rare , that is an circumstance. they are very rare, there is nothing i can do about those. the fact that the unborn child as a person is based on the nature of men and women. you conceived by consent, agreement, accident, rape, incest, artificial insemination. all of these ways. it is still a person. we have to deal with the emotional and other needs of when it may have been conceived by rape or something else, but it will not affect the unborn child. the 2020 candidates weighing n. 0ne sega be a lot going back and roe v wade, but how well they do that when you look at him make—up of the court? yes, the issue will be whetherjustice roberts decides that he was theirs to come before the
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sabine court knowing that it will be divisive, and then it will be a question of votes in individual states, and whether roe v wade now really being under threat actually does galvanise pro—choice voters to go to the polls, vote on this particular issue, in order to make as many states as possible, states where abortion would be continue to be allowed. the issue will still be mrjohnson's comments notwithstanding, for poor women and particular poor black women who live in states like alabama and georgia and for whom it will be difficult to get the time off work to go and travel somewhere in order to have an abortion performed. this bill will disproportionately penalised those women, because they may not live near a state where they can actually easily get an abortion. it is a very contentious issue throughout the country, and will be in next year's election. ahead of the european elections, each of the main groupings in the bloc‘s parliament have put
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forward candidates to be the next president of the european commission. it's the eu's top job. tonight, six of the official candidates are debating in brussels. they include two of the top contenders — manfred weber, who's centre—right european people's party is projected to win the most seats in next week's elections, and frans timmermans, who's european socialist party is expected to come second. let's speak now to our brussels correspondent adam fleming. what can they say at this debate? what can they say at this debate? what is it people want to hear from them that is most likely get them them that is most likely get them the topjob? i am not sure, as usual numberof the the topjob? i am not sure, as usual number of the public will be watching this. i am sure you will be glued. of course i will, with my notepad at the ready. the public in europe do not really know a lot about the process, and that is why the system has been developed over
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the system has been developed over the last few years and it has tried to make the race for the topjob in the eu, running the european commission, a bit more visible to the public and make it seem a bit more democratic. but they have ended up more democratic. but they have ended up with quite a complicated process where it is not like a presidential election where you put a cross nectar the name of the person, you vote for a party any own country at that party might be part of a bigger block that is put forward, one of these people, to be the commission president. there is another twist. the eu leaders, prime ministers, presidents, have not totally bought into their system and they think the appointment should be in their hands alone. we will have a bit of a power grab and a tussle going on after the european parliament elections between the european parliament and the victorious candidate from tonight versus the leaders of the eu member countries over who has control of the appointments process. 0rcan you end control of the appointments process. or can you end up with some kind of
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hybrid that keeps everyone a bit happy? we could simplify theirs. we could all watch this, readjust our television, chewing inadequate phone in the londonjury... people television, chewing inadequate phone in the london jury... people would know which of these candidates is the most popular. that is the dream of some people in the eu, which is that eventually one day this person is directly elected by eu citizens. but that raises lots of hackles across europe, not least in the eu heads of government who quite like having control over who is the person running this institution. eurosceptics think this makes the eu look a bit like a country, of which lots of people do not think that is a good idea. enjoyed, adam. iwill. laughter i thought he would say that was the dream of the eu, to sing their way into the topjob. dream of the eu, to sing their way into the top job. it might get more
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viewers. the recent attacks on mosques in christchurch, in which 51 people died, were live streamed on social media. new zealand's prime minister has been campaigning since then for tighter regulation of online platforms. today in paris jacinda ardern wasjoined by other world leaders and representatives from google, facebook and twitter, to sign an agreement called the christchuch call to action. the aim is to stop social media being used to organise and promote terrorism. here is jacinda ardern speaking a little earlier. it isa it is a road map for action and it is pleasing to see the statement from five major tech companies committing all of them to a set of individual actions and collaborative actions as well. this nine—point commitment will lead my hope, which isa first, commitment will lead my hope, which is a first, to further change which if successful will help to eradicate terrorism from their platforms. karen kornbluh heads up the digital innovation
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and democracy initiative at the german marshall fund — she's here with us now. what does this christchurch call to action do, what will it change?” think what does most interesting for me is that france and new zealand have stepped into a breach that has been left by the absence of us leadership. white supremacy especially has been allowed to exist online, it has been tolerated but also the platforms themselves encourage the outrage and conspiracy theories that fuel there's kind of thing. what the call to action tries to do, they put it together very quickly, is get the platforms to commit to really go after terrorism and viole nt commit to really go after terrorism and violent extremism, notjust of the violent islamic nature which they had been doing, but more broadly, and to do it in a really important and transparent way so that the public can hold them
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accountable and make sure they are not cracking down on legitimate speech. 17 governments have sided, the united states not among them. twitter‘s found i was there, facebook‘s found i was not there. will it have teeth? will it change things that the united states is not there? it is interesting, this is on there? it is interesting, this is on the outskirts of the g7, they will have a child to revisit it this summer, add if there is persistence on it and the group of democracies is saying, this is important to us, it is undermining our democracy, allow these platforms to be exported by violent allow these platforms to be exported by viole nt extremists, allow these platforms to be exported by violent extremists, and they keep the spotlight on it, i think that could be incredibly important. as you say, the devil is in the details, it will have to be transparent and there will have to be, one of the things that the call to action calls for its metrics. to measure what is happening. that will
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be incredibly important. this attack in christchurch was live streamed for 60 minutes, uploaded, even though facebook took it down reasonable quickly, it was uploaded to youtube over 1 reasonable quickly, it was uploaded to youtube over1 million times. it really co m es to youtube over1 million times. it really comes down to algorithms. are they sophisticated enough to spot something like this where a gunman is walking around and in plain sight? whatever the companies are saying about what they are trying to put in place. it seems that there has been, these companies have such sophisticated technology, they have sophisticated technology, they have so much money at it seems that they have been so concerned about the false positive of taking down speech thatis false positive of taking down speech that is legitimate and what this says it is, let's not worry about fa ke says it is, let's not worry about fake news, so many governments have been cracking down on fake news at that raises all these free speech concerns, they say, can we just focus on the white supremacy, on the
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violent extremism? if we can focus on that and bring this technology to bear and bring all this, we on that and bring this technology to bearand bring allthis, we bring some money to bear, could it be get the algorithms to root that out? i am very hopeful that by narrowing it and making it more specific that maybe there is a chance. these companies do have a lot of money, well they make the choice to use it for that effect? sudan's military rulers and protest leaders have agreed on a three year transition period for handing over power to a full civilian administration. there were violent protests in the capital khartoum on monday, which left 4 people dead and dozens injured. sudan has been ruled by the council since president 0mar al—bashir was toppled last month. new audio recordings have emerged of pilots confronting boeing over problems with the 737 max aircraft, months before the second crash involving the same model. at a meeting last november, pilots can be heard demanding to know what equipment is on their planes. it's claimed some pilots didn't even
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know a software system, supposedly designed to prevent the plane stalling, was even on the plane. police in the german city of dusseldorf are hunting a car thief who sped off with a rare ferrari — valued at two million euros — during a test drive. the thief raced away in the vehicle after the dealer, who was accompanying him, stepped out of the car. it was later found hidden in a garage in a nearby town — but the suspect remains at large. this is beyond 100 days. still to come... nature's version of the world wide web, they had a network that enables trees to feed and protect each other. more on that any moment. —— ina other. more on that any moment. —— in a moment. itv has permanently cancelled thejeremy kyle show — after a guest died shortly after filming an episode. the programme was taken off the air on monday after the death of steven dymond. a review of the episode featuring mr dymond will continue. jon donnison reports.
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for more than a decade watching people's lives fall apart on the jeremy kyle show has passed for entertainment. applause. it has been popular with around a million viewers for each episode. not any more. in a statement, itv‘s chief executive carolyn mccall said given the gravity of recent events, we have decided to end production of thejeremy kyle show. she said the programme had a loyal audience and had been made by a dedicated production team for 14 years, but now it was the right time for the show to end. it comes after 63—year—old steve dymond, reportedly took his own life last week just days after appearing on the show and failing a lie detector test. itv said that every one of the network's thoughts and sympathies were with his family and friends.
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everyone felt a mood change... this woman was part of the studio audience when the show in question was recorded. it was just completely shocking to have a live studio audience watching his life crumble apart. it really wasn't entertainment. have you anything to say? jeremy kyle seen here yesterday arriving at his home in windsor has not publicly commented. itv says it will continue to work with him on other projects. again he took a battering in this morning's tabloids, albeit from fans of thejeremy kyle show would say coming it is an overreaction. we will break back in a minute, calm down. but the break now will be a permanent one. jon donnison, bbc news. now to the hidden world that exists below the ground in woods and forests. lt‘s being called the "wood wide web" where the roots of trees and other plants are joined
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by a network of fungi — enabling them to help feed and protect each other. for the first time, a major international study has mapped this underground network. the bbc‘s claire marshall reports on how this could help tackle climate change. walk into a wood and you enter a peaceful familiar world. but what if you look down? beneath every forest and wood there is a kind of mysterious underground social network. let's peel back the earth to take a look. there are the tree roots, and then mingling among them along with bacteria are thousands of superfine threads of fungi, known as hyphae. research has shown they are all interconnected. they can help each other by sharing nutrients and they can even warn of approaching threats. scientists have described this as if the trees are talking to one another. now, dr thomas crowther and his team have mapped this subterranean social network of fungi
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on an epic global scale. he likens it to producing an mri scan of the world's forests. we've relied heavily on satellites for a very long time to understand ecosystems, but now we are in the age of big data and machine learning, so by taking data from thousands of people all around the world, we are starting to characterise these incredibly important ecosystems for the very first time. there are two main types of fungal network. they both suck up the greenhouse gas carbon, a key factor in climate change. systems in woods like here in the uk absorbed more than ones in tropical climates, but they're more vulnerable to rising temperatures. we went to see an ecologist at work taking samples in kew gardens. they can now use dna testing to tell what's there. all of this is filled with fungi? filled with fungi. the fungi are really good because they are three—dimensional. they make a network. if this network is broken, it's bad news notjust for the trees, but the planet as a whole. if we create conditions through changing the types of fungi
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that are interacting with plants in the soil, in which then those soils start to stop accumulating carbon, or they start releasing it, then the rate at which we are seeing change will accelerate even more. there's an effective way to help fight climate change, and that's by planting trees. the new map of the wood wide web can be used to guide planters. know the right network to plug the tree into, and it will flourish. claire marshall, bbc news. we need more of those good news stories when it comes to climate change. you have probably never been to prom, but it has a big deal in the united states, and for one person... adriana rust, an 18—year—old junior from pendeleton indiana,
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had seen her dream outfit — she just couldn't afford it. so imagine her delight when she was presented with the dress on the night of the prom — by her date, who had made it for her. parker smith, take a bow. he had never made a dress before. but for addi it was worth the effort. here they are on the way to the prom. he worked for months on the design. he taught himself how to sew —ith tips from his grandmother. he taught himself how to sew with tips from his grandmother. the two of them have been best friends for six years. here is addi on twitter... the there is a love heart they are, i don't want to say anything, but when someone makes a dress for you, love can blossom. may be worth keeping, you never know, hard to find a dress for you. has grandma
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got involved... at university i made a pink coat lined with blue from a vogue pattern start finished by myself. you never imagined that, did you? it was quite impressive. i have not made very many clothes since. i have not worn it at a ball, not in my pin code. i will get you to make my pin code. i will get you to make my close next, christian. peak sunshine and tempt wednesday, the warmest day of the guest so far. temperatures just shy of 26 ounces. aided and abetted by blue skies. ba rely aided and abetted by blue skies. barely a breath of wind. —— 26 celsius. high pressure starts to nudge away, the process beginning tonight, i'd only southern flight will start to introduce more of a south—easterly breeze. tonight, not much of the weight of wind, a bit more cloud across parts of southern
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and western scotland, isolated chance of a charmer. mr fog elsewhere with low cloud. temperatures not quite slow as recent nights but a fresh enough start to tomorrow. mid single figures for the vast majority. sunny start, mist and fog clearing, one or a sleepy chance, high cloud in northern ireland, some low cloud and shetland. later in a day, after the sunny start, a bit more clouded developing down here, the breeze may be not as strong so get yourself in the sunshine, probably feel very pleasant. across very pleasant in the sunshine which will by and large still be there for many of you. the end of the week, low pressure developing across the western mediterranean and iberia, high—pressure and judging away, more ofan high—pressure and judging away, more of an easterly wind developing across the uk, knocking back temp jazz. chili across the eastern coast, ate few showers pushing westwards as well. scotland and northern ireland stay dry with sunny spells, temperatures still could
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reach the upper teens across western parts of scotland by friday afternoon. even close to 20,001 or two spots. a cooler feel across a lead at the wales given the amount of cloud, a lack of sunshine at the easterly breeze. we can, clouds, still sunny spells, cloud will bring the charmer with wind lighter in the south, when the club does break up and sunshine come through, it will be warmerfor some. and sunshine come through, it will be warmer for some. 0ne and sunshine come through, it will be warmerfor some. one or two showers across a glittered wheel, debunked of the show was north, scotla nd debunked of the show was north, scotland and northern ireland substantially cooler with what we have seen in the week, a lot more cloud around. someday, barely a breath of wind, if you do get caught bya breath of wind, if you do get caught by a shower, could be slow—moving, as the sun breaks through the sunshine was totally warmed things are, especially in the south.
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this is bbc news, i'm carrie gracie. the headlines at eight... itv‘sjeremy kyle show is axed for good following the death of a participant in the programme. steve dymond was found dead a week after his pre—recorded appearance — itv‘s boss says her decision was prompted by the gravity of the situation. the trial of a man who claimed he knew about a vip paedophile ring is told he was himself a paedophile. cabinet ministers warn theresa may's brexit deal will be "dead" if the bill does not pass in the commons injune. when mps come to look at this bill and they come to vote
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on this legislation, i am sure they will be thinking of the duty that we have to ensure we deliver on the vote of the british people. the inquest into the london bridge attacks hears how the only briton


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